What makes a good filmmaker?
Great filmmakers must have a strong sense of authority. They are responsible for leading a team to create an outstanding finished product and must command the team to ensure they are working at their best.
Great filmmakers must have excellent communication skills. They must be able to clearly articulate what their production goals are and be able to work with all team members to accomplish that goal.
They must be very creative, and able to generate ideas for stories, backgrounds, music, and other elements involved in a film production.
Great filmmakers must be able to make firm decisions and stick to them to help ensure production stays on track.
A great filmmaker has a tremendous sense of drive and ambition. He or she is willing to do whatever it takes to rise to the top of the industry and make great films.
- Grace Under Pressure
Great filmmakers are able to handle pressure well. They understand that complications will arise during the filmmaking process and are able to handle the stress.
- Open Minded
Great filmmakers are open-minded to changes in their ideas. They accept input readily and consider other points of view without judgment.
- Problem Solving
Great filmmakers can quickly address problems that arise during production. They are able to identify problems and figure out the best way to fix them.
- Technologically Savvy
A great filmmaker is familiar with many, if not all, of the technological elements that are involved in the filmmaking process, and has a grasp on what is feasible and what is not.
Great filmmakers have a terrific vision and can see the film from its conception through to its final product. They never lose sight of the ultimate goal.
Why is time management important in the film industry?
Time management is important because:
-time is money: if shooting runs over time then the costs of staffing and equipment will increase
-if timings and schedules are not adhered to then this can force the production team and actors to wait around or work longer than they should have to, leading to a negative working environment and low morale
-if schedules are stuck to then this makes it more likely that the project will meet its deadline and stick to its budget
-good time management can reduce stress, you don’t feel rushed and can do your work in a good state of mind.
-It’s a competitive industry so you need to demonstrate you can turn up on time and work effectively while you are there.
Give at least 4 examples of good time management skills
1. Creating a realistic deadline for all the tasks that need to be completed and a tick list of all the things that need to be done to complete them
2. Ensuring that the timings for the shoot allow for the shots on the storyboard to take some time to prepare
3. Prioritise – isolate and identify the tasks that are most important in carrying out your role.
4. Spend time planning and organising using the time to think and plan so time is well-spent.
Shot Schedule- The End
Shot plan- Spaghetti
Describe the key aspects of health and safety when working on film productions
- Identify all the hazards- common hazards include tripping hazards, lifting hazards and camera risks
- Evaluate the risks
- Identify measures to control the risks
Then put in place safeguards to eliminate or minimise risk. You should make a record of any risk assessment to ensure the crew are clear on how to stay safe. This can save time during your shoot. Listening to each other, respecting a chain of command, looking after equipment properly, and not rushing, will all help to keep people safe and happy.
Describe at least 3 health and safety considerations for your own film
- We made sure cables were out of the way and reminded people of their location in case they were in a proximity that could cause an accident
- We secured the suspended light above the actors
- We made sure we didn’t have any liquids aside from closed bottles in order to avoid electrical hazards
1.4 & 1.5
Why does copyright law exist?
The purpose of copyright law is to promote the progress of useful arts and science by protecting the exclusive right of authors and inventors to benefit from their works of authorship.
What kind of work is covered by copyright?
Copyright law protects literary, musical, graphic, or other artistic forms in which an author expresses intellectual concepts. In the context of copyright law an author is the creator of any copyrightable creation. Any author creation that meets the standards of copyright law is protectible under copyright law and considered to be a work of authorship. The main two requirements to meet the standards of copyright law are originality and fixation.
What might happen if you were to use copyrighted material in your film?
Copyright infringement can lead to substantial penalties, even if the UK legal system is unlikely to hit American levels of awards.
Upon conviction, in the magistrates’ court, the maximum term of incarceration in the UK for copyright infringement is 6 months and/or a fine of up to £50,000.
Upon conviction, in the Crown Court, the maximum term of incarceration in the UK for copyright infringement is 10 years and/or an “unlimited” fine.
How can you make sure not to infringe copyright law in your film?
Copyright is infringed when any of the following acts are done without permission, whether directly or indirectly and whether the whole or a substantial part of a work is used:
- copying the work in any way
- issuing copies of the work to the public
- renting or lending copies of the work to the public
- performing, showing or playing the work in public
- broadcasting the work or other communication to the public by electronic transmission
- making an adaptation of the work.
However, some minor uses may fall within the scope of exceptions to copyright.
How has copyright law affected your film production?
When editing the final cut for our short film ‘The End’, we found it quite challenging to find sound effects and soundtracks that were loyalty free and which we were content with, in order to match the mood and style of the short film as well as finding accurate realism in sounds. This meant that we could not add music for the end of the film to accompany the credits as we were not satisfied with the free music and did not want to pay for copywritten material. This was also an issue when we wanted to find short footage for the close up of a lightbulb, as we did not find the equipment or opportunity to film it ourselves.